A True Passover Fulfillment

By James on January 1, 2014 in Passover

Passover Fulfillment


I ask each one of you a very important question. Did Messiah fulfill the typology the lamb of Exodus 12? If you answer no to that question, you can stop reading and delete this message with my apologies for intruding upon your day. However, if you answer yes, then you believe that the typology of the lamb of Exodus 12 pointed to Messiah and His death and the circumstances surrounding His death.


Ask most Sabbath keeping people when Messiah was taken to be tried after the last supper and they’ll probably tell you that He was taken at midnight on the 14th. Is this correct? My answer to that question is, there is no way it can be correct.


Now before you get bent out of shape, I ask you to take a look at John 19:14. Here we find Messiah standing before Pilate for the third and last time. If you do a careful reading of the gospels, you will find that Messiah has been taken by the Jewish leadership at about midnight of “some day”, then tried in a kangaroo court, then handed over to the Roman authorities (Pilate) to be tried, beaten, questioned, humiliated, beaten again, humiliated some more, beaten some more, questioned again and finally (in John 19:14) we find Him standing before Pilate once more to have final sentence passed.

If I may, I beg of you another answer to another very important question. What time of what day of the first month is it that we find Messiah standing before Pilate right before He is to be taken to be crucified?

The verse says: “Now it was the Preparation Day of the Passover and about the sixth hour and he (Pilate) said to the Jews, ‘behold your King’.”

Now whether you read in Roman time or Jewish time, it makes no matter. The sixth hour of the day is 12:00 noon. The word about gives me reason for pause, but after reviewing the facts, I believe you will see that this word about doesn’t play a major role in the matter. Either way, it’s around the 12:00 noon hour, but on what day of the month? The 14th? Well, let’s see!

Take a look at Matthew 27:45-46. What day and time is this? The verse states that there was darkness over the land from the 6th hour (12:00 noon) to the 9th hour (3:00 p.m.) and the next verse (46) tells us that it was at the 9th hour (3:00 p.m.) that Messiah gave up His Spirit and died, verse 50.

A second witness comes from Mark 15:25. Here we find Mark’s account that on the day in question, Messiah was taken to be crucified at the 3rd hour (9:00 a.m.)

Has anyone’s eyebrows perked up? Does anyone see a problem with any of this? How can Messiah be standing before Pilate at 12:00 noon on the 14th (in John 19:14) and be on the stake (in Matthew 27:45 and Mark 15:25) at the same time?

Answer……He didn’t.


Back to our original question. Did Messiah fulfill the typology of the lamb of Exodus 12? My answer to that question is absolutely!!! Starting with the very first requirement found in verses 3-6.

“Speak to all the congregation of Israel saying, On the 10th day of this (first) month, every man shall take for himself a lamb, according to the number of his household, a lamb for his father’s house. And if the household is too small for the lamb, let him and his neighbor next to his house take it according to the number of the persons: according to each man’s need you shall make your count for the lamb. Your lamb shall be without blemish, a male of the first year. You may take it from the sheep or the goats. Now you shall keep it until the 14th day of the same month. Then the whole assembly shall kill it at twilight (between the two evenings).”

There are three points I wish to make here. They are underlined above.

1) This lamb was to be taken on the 10th day of the month. It doesn’t say what time of the day, just sometime on the 10th .

2) This lamb had to be inspected (a form of trial) to find out if it was without blemish (flaw). That word flaw is very important.

3) This lamb was to kept up until the 14th day. Unlike the taking of the lamb, there seems to be a time element here. The word “until” tells me that when the 14th arrives the lamb has past the test (whatever that test or inspection was) and it is worthy to be an acceptable sacrifice.



Yes, but wasn’t this fulfilled when Messiah rode into Jerusalem on a donkey on the 10th to the shouts and glee of all who wanted Him as their King? Hardly! Let’s examine those events and you make your own mind up.


Now it is here that I have to ask the Saturday Sabbath keepers, that are reading this, to forgive me. The explanation of how all this fits will not fit with your theology, but neither does your theology. You see, if Messiah fulfilled the lamb of Exodus 12 by riding on a donkey into Jerusalem on the 10th, and that was a Sabbath, then Messiah broke the very Sabbath command (Exodus 20:10) He gave by making a donkey (ass) work on the Sabbath (Mark 11:1-7). The main job of a donkey is in travel. Thus if Messiah rode from Bethany to Jerusalem on the donkey on the 10th and that day was the weekly Sabbath, He caused that donkey to break the Sabbath.

Not only that, but Messiah told His disciples to leave the city they were in (Bethany) and go into another city (verse 2) opposite from them and loose a colt or donkey and bring it to Me. This is a direct breaking of the command found in Exodus 16:29, not to go out of the gates of the city or village you are in.

Not only that but, the people cut palm branches (Mark 11:8) to place on the road. This is another act of breaking the Sabbath. Compare Numbers 15:32 and the man gathering sticks (branches) on the Sabbath.

Not only that but, you have to ask yourself, where was Messiah heading and what was He going to do? Well, He was going to Jerusalem to cleanse the temple. He was going to drive out all of the money changers buying and selling there in the temple on the Sabbath day. Buying and selling in the temple on the Sabbath? What? Do you really believe that the same Jewish leaders that wouldn’t even allow Messiah to sell His healing on the Sabbath day and that was what was at the heart and core of their twisted reasoning.

The Jews didn’t want Messiah to heal someone on the Sabbath because it took away from their income of healing for offerings. So you see if Messiah Healed someone for free on the Sabbath, then no one would come to the Jewish leaders the other six days of the week. Thus there was no buying and selling at the temple on the Sabbath allowed by the Jewish establishment. So the day that Messiah drove out the money changers could not have been a Sabbath.

Any of you Saturday Sabbath keepers see a problem with the notion that the 10th was a Sabbath? If you say the 10th was a Sabbath, then you can’t believe that Messiah rode in on a donkey and that buying and selling was taking place in the temple on that day. If you agree that it could not have been the 10th that these events took place then what is your fulfillment of the lamb of Exodus 12?

As Troy Miller would say…..”Houston, we have a problem.” Or shall we say, “Minister (church leader or teacher, we have a problem.”


So what’s the answer? How did Messiah fulfill the taking of the lamb of Exodus 12? Well, it’s very simple actually. Messiah was taken on the 10th. Now it get’s complicated. Allow me the time to explain a few things.


Or both? The verses in question are John 12:1-8 and Matthew 26:1-13. It’s the story of Messiah being anointed by a woman with her hair. I ask you to take just a moment to read these two accounts. Ask yourself one question. Are they the same event of the same night, simply written from separate perspectives? Matthew tells the story giving the facts that he thought was important and John who wrote much latter added to Matthews version by listing a few things Matthew left out, giving detail to the story. If you’ll notice Matthew is very vague. Matthew doesn’t see fit to tell us the name of the woman.

He doesn’t see fit to tell us which one of the disciples made the comment about the oil. John gives detail to the account by telling us the names of the key players in the room. The woman was Mary and the spokesman for the disciples was Judas. What can not be argued is the words of Messiah to the action and words of Judas.

Compare them and ask yourself, do you believe that Messiah would have said the exact same thing to the actions of the bone headed Judas on two separate nights?

The only problem with this being the same night is that Matthew places these events two days before the Passover and John places them six days before the Passover. Now, before we give Houston another call, telling them we have another problem, let’s think about a few things.

1) Matthew, Mark and Luke all wrote before the temple was destroyed in 70 a.d., John wrote much later, well after the destruction of the temple around 95 a.d.

2) According to Josephus, there was about 300,000 lambs that had to be killed in the temple to supply enough Passover lambs to feed everyone that was coming into the city from afar, during the time of Messiah.

3) If there were 12 priest killing lambs around the clock on the 14th, they would have to kill 12,500 lambs per hour. That’s 1042 lambs per priest, per hour. That’s 17 lambs per minute. That’s one lamb every 4 seconds.

4) However, if there were 12 priest working 12 hours per day for the period between the start of the 10th through the end of the 14th day light hours only (that’s the 10th, 11th, 12th, 13th and 14th) (That’s 5 days), then those 12 priest would have to kill 60,000 lambs per day. That’s 5,000 lambs per priest, per day. That’s 416 lambs per priest, per hour. That’s 7 lambs per minute or one lamb killed every 8.5 seconds.

5) The city would have had to begin the festival of the Passover well before the 14th and in fact, it is highly probable that lambs were begun to be killed at the opening of the 10th. Forget whether or not such a thing is lawful by Torah standards, the shear logistics of it all would have caused the Jews to make decision to such an effect.

Now let’s consider these facts as we ponder on why John might have called the day in question six days before the Passover and Matthew called it two days before.

It would make sense that Matthew (and in fact Messiah, because after all it is His words that Matthew is recording) would call the Passover’s beginning the 10th. It would have been an accepted tradition (all be it of man), to begin the Passover festivities on the 10th. After all it was the day the lamb was to be selected and it was the first step toward the Passover of Exodus 12. Thus when Matthew wrote two days before the Passover, he meant two days before the 10th, which would have been on the 8th.

In like manner, it would also make sense that John would not have seen it that way. His readers were post temple observers. Many of them never even visited Jerusalem at Passover, being new converts in the late first century, well after the destruction of the temple. Thus when John wrote six days before the Passover, he meant six days before the 14th, which would have been the 8th as well. The very same day as Matthew’s account.

This is very important to establish because Messiah cleansed the temple before this dinner at Bethany on the 8th. Making the day he cleansed the temple the 7th which fits with the command given in Ezekiel. 45:20 to cleanse the temple on the 7th day of the first month for the sins of ignorance. Establish this fact and the “10th being a Sabbath” theory vanishes like a bad smell in the wind.



Did you ever notice this phase in scripture? If it seems familiar to you, then you must have seen it in Luke 22:7. “Then came the Day of Unleavened Bread when the Passover must be killed.” The Day of Unleavened Bread? That comes after the Passover. How can the Passover be killed during the days of unleavened bread? Well, it’s not.

Here Luke even calls the entire Festival of Passover and Unleavened Bread by one name…….. that being Unleavened Bread, see verse one. Most understand this, but most do not ever take it a step further to ask a very important question. What day is it? We’ve established it’s not the 15th (although there are some that would argue that point), so was it the 14th? Well no, as a matter of fact it could not have been the 14th. Here’s why.

If you believe the day begins when the sun has set then you have a very serious problem with this verse. Read what follows. Messiah tells his disciples to go into the city (which tells me that they were not in the city at the time He spoke to them), find this certain man who would show them an upper room that was furnished (that is to say it had furniture in it, not that it was prepared for a Passover service). Then Messiah told them to prepare the Passover (this is why we know the room was not prepared for a Passover service).

Now think about what you just read. The sun has set. It’s now dark. The man’s is supposed to be carrying a pitcher of water. The first problem is that by dark the water is already well indoors. Water is drawn before dark. Never the less, let’s continue. These disciples have to make ready for the Passover. Uh, you ever prepared a Passover for 12 people? It’s a job. First of all, the meal has to be cooked. Whatever they ate before Messiah gave the bread and the wine had to be prepared and cooked. This took time. After the disciples found the man, he showed them the room and they prepared the Passover, it’s got to be pushing 10:00 p.m.

Have you ever took the time to read John 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, and 18. These are all the words Messiah spoke to His disciples after the Passover in that room. What time is it by now? My point is that there is simply no way Messiah spoke to the disciples right after sunset and they accomplished all that is written on that night.

Then came the DAY of Unleavened Bread when the Passover must be killed. Luke didn’t say, then came the night when the Passover must be killed. He said the DAY and it was in the morning that Messiah gave the instructions to go find the man carrying the pitcher of water and it was the 10th, not the 14th.


I don’t know, did He? He said He wanted to eat the Passover with them. He called that night the Passover in Luke 22, but as far as actually eating that Passover, I don’t see Him actually doing it.

I see Him instituting the New Covenant Passover (the bread, wine and foot-washing), but actually eating the Passover, Sorry, it isn’t there.

Did He have lamb with the meal. He certainly could have, but the gospels are quite on the subject. My gut feeling is that they did indeed have a full meal with a Passover lamb, from the temple, before the New Covenant Passover was first given, but I really do not know and neither do any of you.


No, I don’t think so. The old covenant Passover which is the physical type of the New Covenant Passover is on the 14th. I really do not believe that has changed. Messiah just could not have eaten that New Passover on the 14th, because He was pretty busy that day.

Remember that lamb had to be selected for my household and yours on that day. I can’t think of a better day for Him to institute it. It was done for me and for you. Think about that.

So John 19:14 was speaking of when?

Well what does it say? It was the sixth hour (12:00 noon) on the preparation of the Passover (the 14th). What day is the preparation of the 14th? That would be the 13th, right? Thus Messiah, who had been taken on the tenth, had been in the custody of the Roman authorities on the 11th, 12th and 13th and at noon time on the 13th, Pilate (even though he found no fault or flaws in this man, see John 18:38, 19:4 and 19:6)  finally sentenced Messiah to die via crucifixion.


Messiah did indeed fulfill the typology of the Passover lamb of Exodus 12. He was taken and put up on the tenth. He did not leave Jerusalem after He was taken. Those who say the triumphal entry was the fulfillment of that Exodus 12 typology failed to realize that Messiah entered and left and entered again and left again, as many as three times.

This doesn’t fulfill the typology. That Passover lamb of Exodus 12 was kept up until the 14th, not allowed to return to it’s mother, which by the way was probably the test. If it was mature, it was would have not needed it’s mother and that would have been the sign that it was an acceptable sacrifice, being without blemish.

Messiah spent three days and three nights in the custody of sinful men being beaten, ridiculed, accused, cursed at, spit upon, beaten again, questioned,  made fun of, and beaten some more and what made Him our Savior was the fact that during that entire three days, He didn’t speak one word against the ones doing all those awful things to Him.

It is my belief that He didn’t even think an angry thought against them and that’s what qualified Him as an acceptable sacrifice. It was the sign of acceptance, just as Jonah was the one chosen to be the sacrifice to quite the angry sea. Messiah was the one chosen to quite the angry crowd that wanted Him dead.

That process qualified Him as Our Savior and at the beginning of the 14th, His test was finished. At the beginning of the 14th He was fit to be our Passover Lamb for our household.

Praise be our Father in Heaven and His beloved Son.

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