Biblical Feast Days

By James on December 23, 2013 in Uncategorized
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THE BIBLICAL FEAST DAYS – ELOAH’S CALENDAR

Biblical Feasts

 


 

The 1st day of the first month (Abib/Nisan) was the first day of the Jewish religious year. It would begin at the new moon of our March / April and coincides with the latter rains (Joel 2:23). Each month began with a new moon. (Num 10:10, 28:11, 1 Sam 20:5, Psalm 81:3, Isaiah 66:23, Ezek 46:3, Amos 8:5, Col. 2:16.) The 1st day of Tishri, in the Fall, customarily begins the new civil year.

 

Jewish month

New moon of

Scriptures references

1. Abib* / Nisan

March-April

Ex 13:4, 23:15, Nehemiah 2:1

2. Zif* / Iyyar

April-May

1 Kings 6:1, 37

3. Sivan

May-June

Esther 8:9

4. Tammuz

June-July

5. Ab / Av

July-August

6. Elul

August-September

Nehemiah 6:15

7. Ethanim* / Tishri

September-October

1 Kings 8:2

8. Bul* / Marheshvan / Heshvan

October-November

1 Kings 6:38

9. Chisleu / Chislev / Kislev

November-December

Nehemiah 1:1

10. Tebeth / Tevet

December-January

Esther 2:16

11. Shebat / Shevat

January-February

Zechariah 1:7

12. Adar

February-March

Esther 3:7

13. 2nd Adar (7 of 19 years)

March 14,15

 

 

* Pre-exilic names

 

 

 

 

 


 

THE SABBATHS OF THE JEWISH YEAR

 

In addition to the observance of the new moon, which begins a month, the following Sabbaths and festival days are found in the Scriptures.

 

1. The seventh day Sabbath – (Shabbat)

 

Lev 23:3, Num 28:9-10, Exodus 20,8-11, Deut 5:12-15
A convocation day. No servile work done.

 

This is the only feast day mentioned that occurs more than once a year. Because it occurs on a weekly basis, it is separate and distinct from the yearly religious calendar (Lev. 23:37-38), the feasts of which all are a shadow or type of some event that would be their fulfillment, or antitype. The seventh day Sabbath is a memorial to creation and the creator, established at creation. It was not a day that originated with the Jews, it preceded them, although it was celebrated as a feast day. When one of the feast days fell on the seventh day Sabbath, it was referred to as a high Sabbath day (John 19:31).

 

2. Passover (Erev Pesah or Ta’anit Bechorim)

 

The 14th day of the 1st month (Abib / Nisan)
Exodus 12, Exodus 13:6-8, Lev 23:5, Deut 16:3-8, Num 28:16
Note: this was not a convocation day (no public gatherings)

 

The Jews consider this day to be the day before Passover (Pesah), which to them is the same as the Feast of Unleavened Bread. The type was the Passover in Egypt, with the blood of the lamb being smeared on the door posts. YAHUSHA (Jesus) and the disciples ate the Passover meal (Matt 26:18-20) of unleavened bread and wine in the early hours of this day (Exodus 12:18), which would have been our Thursday evening (the biblical day begins and ends at sunset). YAHUSHA was crucified the afternoon of the 14th (Friday), at the time the Paschal lambs were being slain (Exodus 12:6). Passover is a shadow or type of the sacrifice of YAHUSHA (the antitype), the lamb of Eloah, at the stake (1 Cor 5:7).

 

(Ta’anit Bechorim is a fast observed only by the first born. It is to commemorate being spared from the last plague to fall on Egypt- the death of the first born.)

 

3. Feast of Unleavened Bread (Pesah) – a week long observance.

 

First day of the Feast of Unleavened Bread –
15th day of the 1st month (Abib/Nisan)
Lev 23:7, Num 28:17,
A convocation / Sabbath day.
First born dedicated to the YAHUAH’s service.
Travel to the Sanctuary in Jerusalem required of all men (Exodus 23:14,17, Exodus 34:22, Deut 16:16).

 

 

A celebration of release from bondage in Egypt (Exodus 13:6-10). All leaven bread (hametz) removed and replaced by unleaven bread (matzah). This day fell on the seventh day Sabbath, the day after the crucifixion, making it a high Sabbath day – (John 19:31). YAHUSHA spent the entire day in the tomb, at rest on this Sabbath.

 

The Feast of Unleavened Bread, was a type of the sinless nature of YAHUSHA releasing us from the bondage of sin (if we have faith in His atoning death). YAHUSHA is the sinless bread of life (John 6:32, 48-51) and leavened bread represented the corruption of sin in your life, that YAHUSHA overcomes – (1 Cor 5:8).

 

Putting away the sin in your life (leavened bread / hametz), and replacing it by accepting sinless YAHUSHA Messiah (unleaven bread / matzah) in its place, is the Gospel Message symbolized in the Passover meal, known today as the YAHUSHA’s Supper or Communion. You participate in the YAHUSHA’s Supper to remember the sacrifice that YAHUSHA made for you at the stake (Luke 22:19).

 

This was the time of year of the latter rain (March/April).

 

On this day Israel began to eat from the old corn and the manna ended the following day (Josh 5:11)

 

The Day of First Fruits (The Omer)

 

The 16th day of the 1st month (Abib / Nisan)
Exodus 34:25-26, Lev 23:10-14, – Late Passover Num 9:10-11
Not a convocation day. No restriction on servile work.
Barley harvest – Firstfruits presented to YAHUAH (Lev 23:10-11)

 

This was the day of first sheaf waving (type), the first fruit of the barley harvest. The antitype was Resurrection Sunday which also occurred on 16 Abib / Nissan. YAHUSHA was the first fruits of the resurrection, (1 Cor 15:20, 23, 2 Tim 2:6-8), the antitype. It is important to note that it was not a day of convocation (NOT A SABBATH) to the Jews, so there is no reason for it to be a Sabbath in antitype (post-resurrection) to Christians.

 

This is because the festival Sabbaths were not just commemorative in nature, but also prophetic, pointing to future set-apart events as fulfillments. To suggest a new Sunday set-apart day was instituted on resurrection day, is to say the festival calendar appointed by Eloah was in error, since it omits a weekly 1st day observance.

 

In Jewish Tradition, the period called the Omer begins on 16 Nisan and extends for the count of 50 days to Pentecost or Shavuot

 

Manna ceased to fall on this day (Josh 5:12)

 

 

 

7th and last day of the Feast of Unleavened Bread (Yom Tov)

 

The 21st day of 1st month (Abib / Nisan)
Exodus 12:18, 13:6, Lev 23:8, Num 28:25
A convocation / Sabbath day. No servile work.

 

Traditional celebration of the staking of the Red Sea.

 

Passover

Feast of Unleavened Bread

14th

15th

16th

17th

18th

19th

20th

21st

Paschal
Lamb
Slain

1st Day
Feast of
Unleaven Bread

The Omer
(First Fruits)

 –

 –

 –

7th Day
Feast of
Unleaven Bread

Not
a Sabbath

A Sabbath

Not
a Sabbath

 –

 –

 –

 –

A Sabbath

Unleaven Bread Eaten

All Leaven Removed From the House

Crucifixion

In the tomb

Resurrection

 –

 –

 –

 –

 –

1st Day

2nd Day

3rd Day

 

 

4. Pentecost (Shavuot)

 

The 6th day of the third month (Sivan)
Exodus 34:22, Lev 23:15-21, Acts 2:1, Acts 20:16, 1 Cor 16:8
Occurs 50 days after the day of first fruits (16 Nisan) or sheaf waving (barley).
A convocation / Sabbath day. No servile work done.
Travel to the Sanctuary in Jerusalem required of all men (Exodus 23:14,17, Exodus 34:22, Deut 16:16).
Wheat harvest – Firstfruits presented to YAHUAH (Lev 23:17, 20)

 

Also called Feast of Weeks (Ex 34:22), the day of First Fruits (Exodus 23:16, Num 28:26) Feast of the Harvest (Ex 23:16) and in the New Testament – Pentecost (Acts 2:1) A festival that celebrated the first fruits of the wheat harvest with the offering of two wave loaves of leavened bread (Lev 23:17, 20).

 

This feast was also a shadow or type because fifty days after the resurrection there was the first outpouring of the Set-apart Spirit, that resulted in three thousand souls being added to the church in one day (Acts 2:41).

 

This was the day that YAHUSHA was anointed in heaven with the Set-apart Spirit as our High Priest, which was also prefigured by the anointing of Aaron (Exodus. 40:13) as mentioned in Psalms 133:1-3. Having finished His ministration in the outer court of the sanctuary (the work of justification by His sacrifice, Rom 5:9), Messiah then began the priestly work of sanctification in the heavenly temple that was typified by the set-apart place, the first apartment of the earthly sanctuary.

 

This outpouring of the Set-apart Spirit is also known as the early rain (Antitype) and reached from heaven down to the Apostles gathered in the upper room on mount Zion. There will also be a latter rain, the greater outpouring of the Set-apart Spirit near the end of time (Joel 2:23, Zech 10:1, James 5:7) for the proclamation of the three angels messages (Rev 14).

 

With the destruction of the Temple in 70 A.D., the Jews were unable to celebrate this festival as commanded, and substituted the celebration of the revelation of the Torah to Moses on Sinai, something they themselves admit has no biblical foundation. They also have no explanation for the reason to count 50 days to Shavuot. Since the Jews do not recognize the outpouring of the Set-apart Spirit in the second chapter of Acts as a fulfillment of Pentecost/Shavuot, they are consequently unsure about the true meaning of the festival.

 

5. Feast of Trumpets (Rosh Ha-shanah)

 

The 1st day of the 7th month (Ethanim / Tishri)
Lev 23:24, Num 29:1
A convocation / Sabbath day. No servile work done.
The first day of the Jewish civil year.

 

This was an announcement to Israel of impending judgment, which occurred on the Day of Atonement, nine days later. The antitype of Trumpets was the worldwide proclamation of the second coming in 1843, during the “Great Awakening” revival, which was based on the 2300 days/years prophecy in Dan 8:14, which began in 457 B.C. and ended in 1844. This was mistakenly interpreted, by William Miller and others, to predict the time of the second coming and end of the world in 1844, when in fact it was the cleansing of the heavenly sanctuary and the beginning of the pre-advent investigative judgment.

 

6. Day of Atonement (Yom Kippur)

 

The 10th day of the 7th month (Ethanim / Tishri)
Lev 23:27, Num 29:7, Lev 16
A convocation / Sabbath day. No servile work done.

 

This was the holiest day of the year and signified a cleansing of sins and reconciliation with Eloah (Judgment day). The people were to afflict their souls and fast. On this day only the High Priest entered the Set-apart of Holies to atone for the sins of the people (Lev 16).

 

 

This was a shadow or type of YAHUSHA carrying out his role as our High Priest (Heb 9) and entering the Set-apart of Holies in the heavenly sanctuary when he began the investigative judgment at the end of the 2300 days / years of Dan 8:14 on October 22, 1844. This was the beginning of the antitype or fulfillment of the Day of Atonement, which is still underway in heaven today. This judgment begins with the righteous dead and will end with the righteous living. At the end of this period of judgment, probation for humanity will have closed, and the 7 plagues of Eloah will then fall on the wicked. Soon after will be the second coming, to gather the righteous to join the kingdom of Eloah in heaven for 1000 years.

 

The Jubilee year begins on this day (Lev 25:9).

 

7. Feast of Tabernacles (Sukkoth) – An eight day feast of ingathering.

 

The first day was the 15th day of the 7th month (Ethanim / Tishri)
Exodus 34:22, Lev 23:34-36, 39-43, Num 29:12
A convocation / Sabbath day. No servile work done.
Travel to the Sanctuary in Jerusalem required of all men (Exodus 23:14,17, Exodus 34:22, Deut 16:16).
Fruit Harvest – Firstfruits presented to YAHUAH (Exodus 23:19)

 

For seven days the people moved out of their homes and lived in temporary shelters called “Sukkah” as a reminder of their wanderings in the desert for forty years. The branches cut from palm, willow and other trees were to be waved in celebration to YAHUAH during the first seven days of the feast (Lev 23:40).

 

This final feast of the year is a celebration of ingathering at the end of the harvest (Exodus 23:16) and is a time of rejoicing and fellowship. It symbolizes the gathering or harvest of Eloah’s people, who leave earth for the marriage supper of the Lamb, to be celebrated in heaven after the second coming of YAHUSHA. This begins the millennium.

 

The 7th day of the Feast of Tabernacles, Festival of Willows (Hoshana Rabbah)

 

21st day of the seventh month.

 

Considered by Jewish custom to be the final day of judgment. A ritual of beating willow branches on the ground is practiced, which is thought to symbolize the casting away of sin.

 

The 8th day of the Feast of Tabernacles (Shemini Atzeret)

 

22nd day of the seventh month.
Lev 23:36,39, Num 29:35
A convocation / Sabbath day. No servile work done.

 

The final day of Tabernacles was also a Sabbath, a day of solemn assembly. At this time of year the former or early rains fell (late October / November), when the fields were plowed and sown.

 

Spring Festivals

Fall Festivals

Passover

Unleaven Bread

Pentecost

Trumpets

Atonement

Tabernacles

14th Day
1st Month
(Nisan)

A Week Long Festival
15th to 21st Day
1st Month
(Nisan)

50 daysfrom
15 Nisan
(6 Sivan)

1st day
7th Month
(Tishri)

10th Day
7th Month
(Tishri)

An Eight Day Festival
15th to 22nd Day
7th Month
(Tishri)

Erev Pesah

Pesah
1st Day
of Festival

Omer
Firstfruits

Yom Tov
7th Day
of Festival

Shavuot
Feast of Weeks
or Firstfruits

Rosh
Ha-shanah

Yom Kippur

Sukkoth
1st Day
of Festival

Shemini Atzeret
8th Day of Festival

15th Day
1st Month
(Nisan)

16th Day
1st Month
(Nisan)

21st Day
1st Month
(Nisan)

15th Day
7th Month
(Tishri)

22nd Day
7th Month
(Tishri)

A Sabbath

Not a Sabbath

A Sabbath

A Sabbath

A Sabbath

A Sabbath

A Sabbath

A Sabbath

Crucifixion

Resurrection

Outpouring Of
Set-apart Spirit

Warning

Pre-Advent
Judgment

Second Coming Ingathering

In Jerusalem

In Jerusalem

In Jerusalem

Barley Harvest

Wheat Harvest

Fruit Harvest

Latter Rains

Early Rains

 

See also The Shadow Sabbaths of Colossians 2:17

 

 

The Shadow Sabbaths of Colossians 2:17

 


 

Col 2:13 And you, being dead in your sins and the uncircumcision of your flesh, hath he quickened together with him, having forgiven you all trespasses;
Col 2:14 Blotting out the handwriting of ordinances that was against us, which was contrary to us, and took it out of the way, nailing it to his stake;
Col 2:15 And having spoiled principalities and powers, he made a show of them openly, triumphing over them in it.
Col 2:16 Let no man therefore judge you in meat, or in drink, or in respect of an set-apart day, or of the new moon, or of the sabbath days:
Col 2:17 Which are a shadow of things to come; but the body is of Messiah.

 

What was nailed to the stake? Verse 13 states that those dead in their sinful flesh have been made alive by Messiah who forgives all their sins. So in that context, verse 14 is clearly saying that the list of our trespasses, our sins, our breaking of the Ten Commandments is nailed to the stake. We are forgiven of all our sins at the stake. Verse 15 declares victory over the works of Satan and his fallen angels at the stake.

 

There are some who would point to Colossians 2:16 as evidence that today the Christian is released by Eloah from observing any set-apart day what-so-ever, that the 10 Commandments themselves were nailed to the stake.

 

The main reason they cite this verse is to show that there is no need for the “New Testament” Christian to observe the biblical Sabbath day (Saturday), and that anyone who does advocate Sabbath keeping is a legalist and an enemy of salvation by grace alone. Usually though, they do not quote verse 17, and rarely if ever do explain the relevance of verse 17.

 

The passage should be considered as a complete sentence as follows:

 

Let no man therefore judge you in meat, or in drink, or in respect of an set-apart day, or of the new moon, or of the sabbath days which are a shadow of things to come; but the body is of Messiah.

 

The Prophetic Shadow Sabbaths

 

Verse 17 is saying that the sabbath days referred to in verse 16 were “shadows” of things to come. So what does that mean?

 

Heb 8:1 Now of the things which we have spoken this is the sum: We have such an high priest, who is set on the right hand of the throne of the Majesty in the heavens;

 

Heb 8:2 A minister of the sanctuary, and of the true tabernacle, which YAHUAH pitched, and not man.

 

Heb 8:3 For every high priest is ordained to offer gifts and sacrifices: wherefore it is of necessity that this man have somewhat also to offer.

 

Heb 8:4 For if he were on earth, he should not be a priest, seeing that there are priests that offer gifts according to the law:

 

Heb 8:5 Who serve unto the example and shadow of heavenly things, as Moses was admonished of Eloah when he was about to make the tabernacle: for, See, saith he, that thou make all things according to the pattern showed to thee in the mount.

 

Heb 9:8 The Set-apart Ghost this signifying, that the way into the holiest of all was not yet made manifest, while as the first tabernacle was yet standing:

 

Heb 9:9 Which was a figure for the time then present, in which were offered both gifts and sacrifices, that could not make him that did the service perfect, as pertaining to the conscience;

 

Heb 9:10 Which stood only in meats and drinks, and divers washings, and carnal ordinances, imposed on them until the time of reformation.

 

Heb 9:11 But Messiah being come an high priest of good things to come, by a greater and more perfect tabernacle, not made with hands, that is to say, not of this building;

 

Heb 9:12 Neither by the blood of goats and calves, but by his own blood he entered in once into the set-apart place, having obtained eternal redemption for us.

 

Heb 10:1 For the law having a shadow of good things to come, and not the very image of the things, can never with those sacrifices which they offered year by year continually make the comers thereunto perfect.

 

Heb 10:2 For then would they not have ceased to be offered? because that the worshippers once purged should have had no more conscience of sins.

 

Heb 10:3 But in those sacrifices there is a remembrance again made of sins every year.

 

Heb 10:4 For it is not possible that the blood of bulls and of goats should take away sins.

 

Heb 10:5 Wherefore when he cometh into the world, he saith, Sacrifice and offering thou wouldest not, but a body hast thou prepared me:

 

Heb 10:6 In burnt offerings and sacrifices for sin thou hast had no pleasure.

 

Heb 10:7 Then said I, Lo, I come (in the volume of the book it is written of me,) to do thy will, O Eloah.

 

Heb 10:8 Above when he said, Sacrifice and offering and burnt offerings and offering for sin thou wouldest not, neither hadst pleasure therein; which are offered by the law;

 

Heb 10:9 Then said he, Lo, I come to do thy will, O Eloah. He taketh away the first, that he may establish the second.

 

Heb 10:10 By the which will we are sanctified through the offering of the body of YAHUSHA Messiah once for all.

 

The law spoken of there is the ceremonial law, the yearly festivals connected with the symbolic sacrificial system of animal sacrifices, and offerings of food and drink at the Temple. The book of Deuteronomy speaks of the ceremonial law in the same way that Colossians 2:14 does:

 

Deu 31:9 And Moses wrote this law, and delivered it unto the priests the sons of Levi, which bare the ark of the covenant of YAHUAH, and unto all the elders of Israel.

 

Deu 31:10 And Moses commanded them, saying, At the end of every seven years, in the solemnity of the year of release, in the feast of tabernacles,

 

Deu 31:11 When all Israel is come to appear before YAHUAH thy Eloah in the place which he shall choose, thou shalt read this law before all Israel in their hearing.

Deu 31:24 And it came to pass, when Moses had made an end of writing the words of this law in a book, until they were finished,

 

Deu 31:25 That Moses commanded the Levites, which bare the ark of the covenant of YAHUAH, saying,

 

Deu 31:26 Take this book of the law, and put it in the side of the ark of the covenant of YAHUAH your Eloah, that it may be there for a witness against thee.

 

2 Chr 33:8 Neither will I any more remove the foot of Israel from out of the land which I have appointed for your fathers; so that they will take heed to do all that I have commanded them, according to the whole law and the statutes and the ordinances by the hand of Moses.

 

Note that the yearly festivals, like Passover, Day of Atonement, and Tabernacles are ordinances (statutes):

 

Num 9:12 They shall leave none of it unto the morning, nor break any bone of it: according to all the ordinances [H2708. chuqqah] of the passover they shall keep it.

Num 9:14 And if a stranger shall sojourn among you, and will keep the passover unto YAHUAH; according to the ordinance [H2708. chuqqah] of the passover, and according to the manner thereof, so shall he do: ye shall have one ordinance, both for the stranger, and for him that was born in the land.

 

Lev 16:29 And this shall be a statute [H2708. chuqqah] for ever unto you: that in the seventh month, on the tenth day of the month, ye shall afflict your souls, and do no work at all, whether it be one of your own country, or a stranger that sojourneth among you:

Lev 16:34 And this shall be an everlasting statute [H2708. chuqqah] unto you, to make an atonement for the children of Israel for all their sins once a year. And he did as YAHUAH commanded Moses.

 

Lev 23:39 Also in the fifteenth day of the seventh month, when ye have gathered in the fruit of the land, ye shall keep a feast unto YAHUAH seven days: on the first day shall be a sabbath, and on the eighth day shall be a sabbath.

 

Lev 23:40 And ye shall take you on the first day the boughs of goodly trees, branches of palm trees, and the boughs of thick trees, and willows of the brook; and ye shall rejoice before YAHUAH your Eloah seven days.

 

Lev 23:41 And ye shall keep it a feast unto YAHUAH seven days in the year. It shall be a statute [H2708. chuqqah] for ever in your generations: ye shall celebrate it in the seventh month.

 

The ceremonial law, the ordinances written by the hand of Moses in a book, was clearly distinct from the Ten Commandments, which were written by the finger of Eloah on tables of stone. In Leviticus, Moses makes note of the fact that the yearly Sabbaths were separate and distinct from the weekly Sabbath:

 

Lev 23:37 These are the [yearly] feasts of YAHUAH, which ye shall proclaim to be set-apart convocations [sabbaths], to offer an offering made by fire unto YAHUAH, a burnt offering, and a meat offering, a sacrifice, and drink offerings, every thing upon his day: [referred to in Col. 2:16-17]

 

Lev 23:38 Beside the [weekly seventh day] sabbaths of YAHUAH, and beside your gifts, and beside all your vows, and beside all your freewill offerings, which ye give unto YAHUAH.

 

In other words, the yearly festivals and their Sabbaths set forth in Leviticus 23 were distinct from and in addition to the seventh day weekly Sabbaths of YAHUAH. Nehemiah also calls special attention to the seventh day sabbath:

 

Neh 9:13 Thou came down also upon mount Sinai, and spoke with them from heaven, and gave them right judgments, and true laws, good statutes and commandments:
Neh 9:14 And made known unto them thy set-apart sabbath, and commands them precepts, statutes, and laws, by the hand of Moses thy servant:

 

The yearly ceremonial sabbaths that the Jews observed in connection with the Temple or Sanctuary were a shadow, or prophetic in nature, of future events. Every year the Jews were acting out the plan of salvation as demonstrated by the Temple ceremonies. The whole process was designed as a play of sorts, to explain to everyone the exact sequence of events in Eloah’s plan to redeem mankind. The focus of this plan, of course, is YAHUSHA Messiah in his role as the Lamb of Eloah, as well as his role of High Priest or Mediator between Eloah the Father and humanity. If you have not done so yet, please read:

 

The Hebrew Sanctuary and
The Biblical Feast Days.

 

 

It is essential that one have a basic understanding of the Festivals of Eloah as celebrated in the Hebrew Sanctuary. Eloah intended the Sanctuary and it’s services as an instructional tool to teach all people His plan of salvation, and I believe every Christian can benefit greatly from studying it. It has particular relevance near the end of time, because it lays out in detail the sequential process of events that Eloah is using and will follow in the very near future.

 

In brief, these were the festivals observed and the seven associated Sabbaths.

 

Spring Festivals:

 

  • Passover, The crucifixion, YAHUSHA is Eloah’s Passover Lamb
  • Feast of Unleavened Bread – Putting away sin from one’s life
    • Sabbath of 15 Nisan, 1st day of the feast.
    • Sabbath of 21 Nisan, 7th and last day of the feast.
  • Pentecost, Sabbath of 6 Sivan, The outpouring of the Set-apart Spirit

 

Fall Festivals:

 

  • Feast of Trumpets, Sabbath of 1 Tishri, Announcement of impending judgment
  • Day of Atonement, Sabbath of 10 Tishri, The pre-Advent Judgment
  • Feast of Tabernacles, The ingathering of Eloah’s people – the second coming
    • Sabbath of 15 Tishri, 1st day of Tabernacles, freed from the bondage of sin
    • Sabbath of 22 Tishri, 8th and last day of Tabernacles

 

Prior to the incarnation of YAHUSHA and his crucifixion, all the above festivals awaited their fulfillment. They were what are called “types”. They were symbolic of specific events yet to come. The event that is foretold is referred to as the “antitype”. In the New Testament, the Greek words corresponding to type and antitype are:

 

G5179. tupos, too’-pos; from G5180; a die (as struck), i.e. (by impl.) a stamp or scar; by anal. a shape, i.e. a statue, (fig.) style or resemblance; spec. a sampler (“type”), i.e. a model (for imitation) or instance (for warning):–en- (ex-) ample, fashion, figure, form, manner, pattern, print.

 

G499. antitupon, an-teet’-oo-pon; neut. of a comp. of G473 and G5179; corresponding [“antitype”], i.e. a representative, counterpart:–(like) figure (whereunto).

 

The “shadow” or “type” itself had no substance, but rather pointed to a future event that would have substance, the “antitype”. For example, slaying the Passover lamb is the type, the crucifixion of YAHUSHA is the antitype.

 

 

 

The Memorial Seventh-day Sabbath

 

This is the distinction between the yearly ceremonial sabbaths and the Seventh-day Sabbath: obviously the Seventh-day Sabbath occurs on the last day of every week, but rather than being prophetic in nature, it is commemorative, a memorial to creation, established by Eloah himself as scripture clearly tells us-

 

Exodus 20:8 Remember the sabbath day, to keep it set-apart.
Exodus 20:9 Six days shall thou labor, and do all thy work:
Exodus 20:10 But the seventh day is the sabbath of YAHUAH thy Eloah: in it thou shall not do any work, thou, nor thy son, nor thy daughter, thy manservant, nor thy maidservant, nor thy cattle, nor thy stranger that is within thy gates:
Exodus 20:11 For in six days YAHUAH made heaven and earth, the sea, and all that in them is, and rested the seventh day: wherefore YAHUAH blessed the sabbath day, and hallowed it.

 

Because it is only commemorative, and not a shadow of things to come, the weekly Seventh-day Sabbath is really not part of the discussion in Colossians 2:17. When this is understood, the weekly seventh-day Sabbath is clearly not a part of the prophetic sequence of events in the plan of salvation that are portrayed by the yearly ceremonial Sabbaths.

 

Gal 3:24 Wherefore the law was our schoolmaster to bring us unto Messiah, that we might be justified by faith.

 

Gal 3:25 But after that faith is come, we are no longer under a schoolmaster.

 

Gal 3:26 For ye are all the children of Eloah by faith in Messiah YAHUSHA.

 

I propose that Paul is saying that the believing Christian need not keep the ceremonial laws, the shadow sabbaths, because they find fulfillment in our new High Priest, YAHUSHA Messiah. The schoolmaster was the yearly ceremonial sabbaths associated with the Hebrew Temple, which taught the plan of salvation through a coming Messiah, the lamb of Eloah. Now that salvation through YAHUSHA of Nazareth is clear to the Gentile church, there is no further need of the schoolmaster (the earthly Temple, its ceremonies and shadow sabbaths) because that lesson has been learned by those with faith. However, nowhere does the Scriptures indicate that one of the Ten Commandments has been abrogated, or that the disciples or YAHUSHA abandoned the weekly Seventh-day Sabbath for Sunday keeping. Indeed the Scriptures makes clear, that in the future all believers will keep the true Seventh-day Sabbath-

Isa 66:22 For as the new heavens and the new earth, which I will make, shall remain before me, says YAHUAH, so shall your seed and your name remain.

Isa 66:23 And it shall come to pass, that from one new moon to another, and from one sabbath to another, shall all flesh come to worship before me, says YAHUAH.

 

Eloah’s Sabbath (Saturday) was never rescinded. It is eternal, intended as a constant reminder that we are created beings, responsible to our creator at the end of time. The Seventh-day Sabbath will be kept in perpetuity by Eloah’s people because they are obedient and keep the commandments of Eloah. This is particularly true as we near the end of time-

 

Rev 14:12 Here is the patience of the saints: here are they that keep the commandments of Eloah, and the faith of YAHUSHA.

 

 

 

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